Causes of hypotonia:
1) Low Muscle Tone Exercise – When muscles are weak, they cannot perform their function properly.
If the muscles are not strong enough, then the body will not be able to move or even stand up. For example, if your legs are weak, you won’t be able to run fast or jump high.
2) Inflammation – Inflammation is a normal reaction of the body when there is an injury.
It is one way of fighting infection and promoting healing. There are two types of inflammation: acute and chronic.
Acute inflammation happens shortly after an injury and lasts for a short period of time.
Chronic inflammation is more serious and happens when the body can’t eliminate the inflammation. The signs and symptoms of it are: swelling, pain, redness, and heat.
3) Muscular Dystrophy – This means that the muscles do not receive enough nutrients or are not able to rebuild after being used.
The signs and symptoms of muscular dystrophy are: muscle weakness, muscle wasting, and respiratory illnesses.
4) Mitochondrial Disease – This is a problem with the mitochondria found in cells.
These play an important role in the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a molecule that stores energy. Because of this, there is a decrease in energy production and the body tissues are not able to function normally.
5) Myasthenia Gravis – This is a condition of the neuromuscular junction.
It is due to the immune system damaging the muscles and their receptors.
6) Rett Syndrome – This condition mostly affects girls.
It is due to abnormal brain development. Symptoms can be: lack of tears, poor growth, breathing problems, and constant writhing.
7) Tumors – Tumors can cause the signs and symptoms of hypotonia.
They compress the parts of the brain that control muscle tone.
8) Tuberous Sclerosis – This is due to the abnormal growth of tissue in the brain.
It causes a rash on the body and seizures.
9) West Syndrome – This is a condition in which the brain develops a quick high-pitched pulse, a fast rate, and is very irritable.
10) Other – Other things that can cause hypotonia are: poor nutrition, lack of oxygen, head injury, poisoning, infection or an inherited trait.
What is benign congenital hypotonia?
Benign congenital hypotonia is a condition in which the child has overly relaxed muscles. The child may also have other symptoms related to this problem and may pass away because of it.
The term “benign” means that the condition is not life-threatening. The word “congenital” means that the condition is present at birth.
The word “hypotonia” means soft tissue.
A child with this condition will seem “floppy” when you hold him or her. The child may also have difficulty feeding.
Other signs and symptoms are:
1) Difficulty sucking or poor suck – The child may have a weak suck.
2) Difficulty breathing – The child may have weak muscles used for breathing.
This may lead to respiratory problems.
3) Difficulty swallowing – The child may have a weak swallow reflex.
This can lead to the child inhaling food or fluids into the lungs.
4) Constipation – The child may have poor muscle control of the bowel and/or difficulty with bowel movements.
5) Head tremors – The child may have a tremor in the head area.
6) Seizures – The child may have seizures.
7) Hydrocephalus – The child may have fluid on the brain (hydrocephalus).
8) Irritability – The child may be irritable.
9) Sleepiness or drowsiness – The child may be sleepy or drowsy for no apparent reason.
10) Difficulty gaining weight – The child may have difficulty gaining weight.
11) Unusual facial appearance – The child’s facial muscles may not develop properly. The child’s mouth may not close completely or the eyes may not align correctly with the facial muscles.
12) Difficulty moving – The child may have weak muscles and have difficulty moving.
What causes benign congenital hypotonia?
The exact cause of this condition is unknown. It may be present at birth (congenital). It may also get worse quickly.
Sources & references used in this article:
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