Swine Flu Symptoms
The symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of influenza virus infection. Swine flu symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, cough, runny nose and sore throat.
These symptoms may last from 2 days to several weeks. You might experience other symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea or loss of appetite. Some people get severe flu like symptoms. The most common symptom is pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs).
Symptoms of pneumonia from swine flu include shortness of breath, rapid breathing, fast heart rate, chest pain, and cough that produces pink, bloody mucus. If you are experiencing these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
There is no specific treatment for swine flu. Antiviral drugs can decrease the symptoms and the duration of the illness.
Most people get better without treatment in a week to 10 days.
The best way to prevent swine flu is to get vaccinated. If you are sick with the symptoms above, avoid close contact with others, unless necessary.
If you are around someone with swine flu, proper hygiene measures should be taken. This includes washing your hands frequently and coughing into your elbow or shoulder.
If you believe you have been in close contact with someone who has swine flu, it is important to monitor yourself for symptoms. If you believe you have been exposed, wash your hands frequently and avoid close contact with others when possible.
It is very unlikely that you will contract swine flu from casual contact with someone who has swine flu.
How to prevent swine flu
As with the regular flu, the best way to avoid getting or spreading swine flu is frequent handwashing with soap and water. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
This includes meningitis and influenza virus infection, especially people who have a fever with a cough or cold, or something that affects their breathing.
Also, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with virus and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.
If you are sick with a fever or have a cough or cold, stay away from others as much as possible to prevent spreading the virus. Avoid direct contact with sick people.
When in close contact, such as caring for someone or living with someone, wear a medical mask.
If you are exposed to someone with influenza virus infection, it is important that you seek medical help immediately.
Nursing Management of swine flu:
A. Nursing Diagnosis.
1. Deficient Fluid Volume (Fluid Volume)
2. Anxiety (Swine flu attack)
3. Ineffective Breathing Pattern (Swine flu attack)
B. Nursing Care Plan
1. Deficient Fluid Volume (Fluid Volume)
As in all cases involving fever, the client with swine flu should be encouraged to drink extra liquids. This is especially important in the cases of children and the elderly, who are more likely to experience complications.
The nurse should monitor intake and output, paying special attention to urine output. Intake and output record should be at the bedside for client’s review.
If output is less than intake, medication (diuretic) should be given.
Nursing Diagnosis: Fluid volume (Deficient)
1. Monitor intake and output.
2. Encourage fluids.
3. Notify physician if output decreases.
Nursing Diagnosis: Ineffective breathing pattern (Swine flu attack)
1. Remain with client during and after peak of virus.
2. Watch for respiratory distress.
3. Suction client as needed.
4. Re-suction appliance when secretions thicken.
5. Administer oxygen via mask if indicated.
6. Notify physician if respiratory distress increases or does not decrease after several days.
C. Potential Nursing Diagnoses
1. Anxiety (Swine flu attack)
2. Potential for Injury (Swine flu attack)
3. Alteration in Body Homeostasis (Swine flu attack)
4. Potential for Infection (Swine flu attack)
5. Potential for Imbalanced Nutrition: more than body requirements (Swine flu attack)
6. Potential for Imbalanced Nutrition:
less than body requirements (Swine flu attack)
7. Potential for Ineffective Thermoregulation (Swine flu attack)
V. NURSING PROCEDURES
A. Premedication and Obtaining a History from the Client:
1. Obtaining a history of the current illness:
a) Onset (sudden or insidious)
b) Duration (acute or chronic)
c) Severity (mild, moderate, or severe)
d) Character (constitutional or symptomatic)
e) Medications being taken currently.
f) Past medical history (preexisting conditions).
Sources & references used in this article:
- Laboratory diagnosis of swine flu: a review (N Chauhan, J Narang, S Pundir, S Singh… – Artificial cells …, 2013 – Taylor & Francis)
- Case based reasoning methodology for diagnosis of swine flu (B Chakraborty, SI Srinivas, P Sood… – 2011 IEEE GCC …, 2011 – ieeexplore.ieee.org)
- Swine flu: the present pandemic infectious disease (BK BOYUN, C DERNEĞİ – Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg, 2009 – journalagent.com)