Faulty Sperm and Frequent Miscarriage: Causes and Risk Factors
The causes of recurrent miscarriage have been extensively studied over the years. The most well known cause of recurrent miscarriage is chromosomal abnormalities. However, there are other possible causes such as toxic substances or infections that affect the male reproductive system.
These causes may not always be apparent until after the pregnancy has already ended.
In this article, we will focus on the second type of cause – those that result from defects in the male reproductive system itself.
In order to understand the male reproductive system, it is helpful to first describe the female reproductive system. The female reproductive system is primarily responsible for preparing and depositing an egg (ova) in the uterus for implantation. It is also responsible for cyclically producing a fluid that helps transport the ova and preparing the ova for implantation.
This phase is known as the menstrual cycle.
The reproductive system of a male is much simpler. The male reproductive system primarily produces and releases a fluid containing a number of different substances, among which is a small amount of genetic material (sperm). This fluid is delivered through the seminal vesicles and the vas deferens (which deliver it to the outside of the body) where it joins with other secretions to form a ” seminal plasma ” which is delivered outside of the body.
This simplistic description of the male and female reproductive systems is, of course, oversimplified. In reality, there are many more structures involved in the female reproductive system that were not described here. Additionally, there are a number of additional structures involved in the male reproductive system (e.g.
the prostate gland, part of the urinary system) that were not described here. Additionally, there are a number of different functions that the two systems perform that were not described here.
Like the female reproductive system, male reproductive system is susceptible to various diseases and disorders that can either cause a problem during development or later in life. These diseases or disorders can either be congenital or acquired.
The congenital disorders of the reproductive system are those present at birth. These include certain hormonal conditions (e.g.
congenital adrenal hyperplasia) or structural impairments (e.g. undescended testes).
The acquired disorders of the reproductive system are those that occur during development or afterwards. These can be either structural changes (e.g.
cyst on the ovary or testis) or functional impairments (e.g. failure of the testes to produce adequate amounts of male hormones).
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