Keratocarcinoma Symptoms: What are they?
The most common symptoms of keratoacanthoma are pain in the back, neck or shoulder. Other symptoms include fever, chills, muscle aches and weakness. Some patients may experience fatigue, depression and weight loss.
What causes it?
It is not known what causes keratoacanthoma. However, it is believed that there are two possible reasons for its development.
The first one is an excessive growth factor stimulus. This is when the skin cells grow too quickly and too much.
The second one is an excessive production of skin cells.
What are the risk factors?
The main risk factor for this condition is a previous skin injury. However, it may occur in people without a history of skin injury.
How is it diagnosed?
This condition is usually diagnosed by a medical professional after a physical examination.
The medical professional may ask questions about your medical history and check your skin. You may also undergo further tests to rule out other possible conditions with similar symptoms.
This may include blood tests, a biopsy, etc.
What is the treatment for keratoacanthoma?
The main goal of treatment is to remove all cancer cells. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
What is the prognosis of keratoacanthoma?
The prognosis for this condition depends on the size and location of the tumor. Early detection increases the chance of successful treatment.
What is the outlook for someone with keratoacanthoma?
The outlook is good since most tumors are found early. The majority are able to be cured.
Does it affect life expectancy?
Keratoacanthoma has a good prognosis. It does not affect life expectancy if treated early.
What is the cause of this condition?
Keratoacanthoma is a skin growth that is mostly found in middle-aged adults. It is a type of skin tumor. It is sometimes found in elderly people, but it is most common in adults between the ages of 20-40.
Keratoacanthoma is much more common in men than women. It affects people of all races.
It may start as a skin bump that is inflamed and red. It can also be firm, rough or flat.
It may be as small as a pea or as large as a grape.
The cause of keratoacanthoma is not known. Some cases have been linked to skin trauma, such as a previous injury or a scratch.
It may also develop spontaneously, without any known injury to the area.
It is a type of skin cancer, but it tends to grow and spread more slowly than other forms of skin cancer.
Unfortunately, not all tumors are found early. Some keratoacanthomas have the potential to spread deeper into the skin, muscles, nerves, fat or even bone.
How is it treated?
Most keratoacanthomas are found and treated before they spread. When this happens, the tumor is removed to prevent it from becoming cancerous (malignant).
Surgery is the most common treatment for this condition. For some tumors, laser therapy or cryosurgery (treatment with extreme cold) may be used.
What are the complications?
If keratoacanthoma is found in an advanced stage, there is a risk that it may have already spread into surrounding skin, the layer just underneath, or even deeper parts of the body.
When this happens, the outlook and prognosis are much worse.
How can keratoacanthoma be prevented?
There is no sure way to prevent this condition.
Some cases of keratoacanthoma may be triggered by skin trauma, so avoiding injuries to the skin can help to prevent this condition.
It is also important to have regular skin examinations by a medical professional. A doctor can identify skin tumors early and provide treatment to remove them if necessary.
What do I need to tell my doctor?
Your medical history, a physical examination and possibly tests are needed to diagnose this condition.
It is also important to tell your doctor if you have had skin trauma or injury in the past, especially one that has never completely healed. This includes minor injuries such as a splinter, scarring or even a skin condition such as acne.
It is also important to tell your healthcare provider if you have a family history of skin cancer or other diseases.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Eruptive keratoacanthoma (W Sterry, GK Steigleder, H Pullmann… – … Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur …, 1981 – europepmc.org)
- Carcinoma of the larynx in two patients with keratoacanthoma (RS Chapman, OA Finn – British Journal of Dermatology, 1974 – Wiley Online Library)
- Conjunctival keratoacanthoma (SA Schellini, MEA Marques… – Acta …, 1997 – Wiley Online Library)
- A case of multiple keratoacanthoma centrifugum marginatum: response to oral etretinate (Y Ogasawara, E Kinoshita, T Ishida… – Journal of the American …, 2003 – Elsevier)