Lead poisoning pathophysiology is a disease caused by exposure to lead. Lead is a naturally occurring element found in many different materials such as rocks, soil, water, air and food. Lead is toxic to humans because it interferes with the normal functioning of certain parts of the brain and nervous system. It affects children most severely since they are still developing at that age.
Lead poisoning symptoms include:
headaches or mental confusion (delusions)
nausea and vomiting (weight loss), diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, headache, irritability and restlessness. These can be caused by any disease or condition, and are not a specific indicator of Lead Poisoning, but if other symptoms are present, lead poisoning should be considered.
Lead poisoning pathophysiology is quite simple and easy to understand. The following text will make it easier for you to grasp the knowledge of this health related topic with its detailed explanation of lead poisoning effects on human body.
Lead poisoning pathophysiology starts at a very young age. Children are prone to be inflicted by lead poisoning because their bodies contain the ability for absorbing, storing and excreting it in larger amounts than adults. It is also known that infants and young children are more prone to developing it. Common signs and symptoms include: abdominal pain, anemia, colic, headaches, irritability, loss of appetite, memory loss, muscle aches, weight loss, and weakness.
These symptoms can start off slowly and may seem like any ordinary sickness or disease.
Lead poisoning test is a medical procedure to find out whether or not you have excessive amounts of lead in your blood. The only way to do this is to have a blood test done. The doctor will most likely check the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels, as well as assess possible kidney damage.
Sources & references used in this article:
- The pathophysiology of lead poisoning: A review and a case report (SM Kalman – Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 1977 – academic.oup.com)
- Heavy metal poisoning: clinical presentations and pathophysiology (D Ibrahim, B Froberg, A Wolf… – Clinics in laboratory …, 2006 – labmed.theclinics.com)
- Lead: tiny but mighty poison (C Sachdeva, K Thakur, A Sharma… – Indian Journal of Clinical …, 2018 – Springer)
- Lead poisoning–an overview (T Amundsen, IA Naess, J Hammerstrøm… – Tidsskrift for den …, 2002 – europepmc.org)
- Are free radicals involved in lead poisoning? (M Hermes-Lima, B Pereira, EJH Bechara – Xenobiotica, 1991 – Taylor & Francis)
- Lead Poisoning in Childhood. (SM Pueschel, JG Linakis, AC Anderson – 1996 – ERIC)