Obesity and Anesthesia: What Is the Risks?
The risk of complications from obesity is greater than that of any other medical condition. There are many factors which contribute to obesity and its associated health problems. One of them is the fact that it is not uncommon for people to become overweight or obese over time due to poor diet and lack of exercise.
In addition, there are several medications used during surgeries which may cause side effects such as increased blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes. These drugs can increase the risk of complications. Among these are general anesthetics. Since obese people are more likely to suffer from certain diseases, they are at greater risk when given general anesthetics.
The risks of general anesthesia are judged based on the following factors: age, current medical conditions, overall health and other factors. The larger the person is and more comorbidities they suffer from, the bigger the risk of general anesthesia.
It is important that the patient be completely honest with their doctor about their medical history. In addition, it is important that they follow all pre-surgical instructions to the letter. This is because even a seemingly inconsequential health condition can increase the risk of general anesthesia.
Before having surgery, it is a good idea to talk to your doctor about the risks of general anesthesia. They may be able to prescribe an alternative treatment in your particular case.
Surgery and Anesthesia: Knowing the Risks
When people are having surgery, they sometimes wonder about the risks of anesthesia and surgery. There is often a lot of confusion about these two topics, so let’s discuss the differences between them.
Anesthesia refers to the drugs that are given to patients before surgery in order to make them unconscious and relieve any pain they may feel during the procedure. Surgery can be accompanied by different types of anesthesia which are administered in different ways in order to achieve the desired effect. General anesthesia makes the patient unconscious and relieves any pain they may feel during surgery. Regional anesthesia only numbs a specific part of the body and does not put the patient to sleep.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Obesity in anesthesia and intensive care (G Huschak, T Busch, UX Kaisers – Best Practice & Research Clinical …, 2013 – Elsevier)
- Alteration in respiratory physiology in obesity for anesthesia-critical care physician (J Porhomayon, P Papadakos, A Singh… – … Anesthesia, 2011 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
- Regional anesthesia and obesity (J Ingrande, JB Brodsky… – Current Opinion in …, 2009 – journals.lww.com)
- Obesity, sleep apnea, the airway and anesthesia (JL Benumof – Current opinion in Anesthesiology, 2004 – journals.lww.com)
- Metabolic syndrome: anesthesia for morbid obesity (PJ Neligan – Current Opinion in Anesthesiology, 2010 – journals.lww.com)
- Anesthesia for a patient with morbid obesity using dexmedetomidine without narcotics (RE Hofer, J Sprung, MG Sarr, DJ Wedel – Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, 2005 – Springer)