Scoliosis is a condition where the spine curves at an angle. Most often it affects children and young adults, but it can affect anyone.
The most common cause of scoliosis is spinal curvature from birth. However, there are other possible causes such as:
Trauma to the spine (accidents)
Spinal stenosis (lowered levels of cerebrospinal fluid or CSF) – this occurs when the spinal cord is impinged by bony growths causing the spinal canal to narrow
Spinal infection (e.g. tuberculosis)
Spinal cord injury or disease
Bone tumors can also cause scoliosis. In fact, any condition that affects the bones or muscles of the spine can lead to scoliosis. For example, after surgery to remove tumors or during aging when muscles weaken and the bones become vulnerable.
In these cases, scoliosis weakens the spine and can interfere with normal body functions.
Scoliosis is more common in children because their growing bones are more susceptible to the disease. However, some adults experience scoliosis after an accident or after age-related muscle degeneration. Some people may not notice any symptoms and the condition is only picked up during a routine check-up.
However, other people will experience pain or a reduced range of motion in the back and spine.
The symptoms of scoliosis generally depend on how severe the condition is and the age of the person experiencing it. For example, children may experience:
Difficulty or pain when turning the head
Neck or back pain
Pain during puberty due to growth of a “C”
Sources & references used in this article:
- Prognosis in idiopathic scoliosis (IV Ponseti, B Friedman – J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1950 – srf-india.org)
- Thoracic idiopathic scoliosis curve evolution and prognosis (R PERDRIOLLE, J VIDAL – Spine, 1985 – journals.lww.com)
- Long-term prognosis in idiopathic scoliosis (U Nilsonne, KD Lundgren – Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 1968 – Taylor & Francis)
- Idiopathic scoliosis: long-term follow-up and prognosis in untreated (S Weinstein, D Zavala, I Ponseti – J. Bone Joint Surg. Am, 1981 – srf-india.org)