Arthritis is a group of joint disorders characterized by pain in one or more joints. The most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OA affects the cartilage covering bones in your joints. RA affects the connective tissue surrounding your joints. Both conditions affect many parts of your body, but they differ in their causes and severity. They also differ in how they affect men and women.
OA and RA are the the leading causes of disability among Americans over the age of 50. Over half a million people in the U.
S. are diagnosed with RA, and over 8.7 million are diagnosed with OA.
OA is the more common of the two conditions. The most common types are degenerative, in which there is a gradual loss of cartilage and bone density in the affected joints, andPOST-traumatic osteoarthritis, or “OA” as it is more widely known, is an injury or condition that occurs after a physical trauma.
As a result of the injury, there is a Cartilage loss allows for the bones to grind against each other in certain areas. This leads to pain, swelling and the inability of the joint to move as freely as it once could.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissue. The first symptoms are often swelling, tenderness and mild pain followed by joint deformity.
This condition is more common in women than men and also affects the blood vessels, heart and other organs. RA affects up to 1.5 million people in the USA and is more common in older people, especially those over the age of 5
0. It is more common in people of African, Asian and Native American descent.
It is rare in people of Northern European descent, and almost unheard of in people of Jewish, Japanese or Chinese descent.
OA occurs more often in older people who have had similar injuries to those who develop RA. For example, OA is more common in people who have had sports injuries such as a cracked collar bone or a broken leg.
It is more likely to occur after a long-term (chronic) condition such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis has existed for a long time. For example, a sprained ankle that has been broken multiple times could lead to OA.
OA is not always painless. In fact, symptoms can be mistaken for other conditions.
The earliest symptom is usually radiating pain into the joint when moved, although other symptoms such as swelling and deformity can occur without pain.
OA itself does not usually lead to a premature death, but due to the progressive nature of the condition it can involve other complications. For example, if OA affects the spine, it can lead to osteoporosis and even vertebral collapse.
Pain is often at the forefront of an OA sufferer’s mind, but it is not the only symptom. Other symptoms include:
Gout is a disease in which the immune system produces too much uric acid, a substance found in the body which helps with ‘cell walls’ and is a waste by-product of metabolism. The gout sufferer’s body can produce more gout crystals (uncommon) than it can absorb.
This can lead to acute pain in one or more of the joints of the feet, ankles, or hands, and swelling of these joints.
Gout is mainly caused by diet and purine-rich foods. Although any food high in purines can trigger gout, most cases are caused by eating too much red meat (especially lamb and mutton), fish, shellfish, organ meats (such as beef liver), and alcohol.
Some of the symptoms of gout can be relieved by the consumption of dietary management of purine levels. This is done by reducing the amount of red meat in the diet or taking purine-reducing medications.
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