What is Edward’s Syndrome?
Edward’s syndrome (ES) is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of several extra chromosomes in one or both sets of cells in the body. These extra chromosomes are located on chromosome 21, which makes it different from Down Syndrome (DS). ES occurs when there are two copies of chromosome 21 instead of just one. Approximately 1 out of every 400 people have this condition.
The most common form of ES is trisomy 21. Other forms include Edwards’ syndrome (ES), Edwards’ triplets (EDS), and Edwards’ trios (ETS). There are other variations, but these three are the most common. About half of all cases occur in males and half in females.
Most children with this condition die before birth because they do not develop enough brain tissue to survive outside the womb.
Most children with trisomy 21 will live into adulthood if they receive appropriate treatment. However, some may suffer from learning disabilities, mental retardation, heart defects, and certain cancers. Some individuals may never develop any physical problems due to their small size. Others may experience severe developmental delays or even death during early childhood development.
It is important to be aware that about 1 out of every 3,600 children with Down Syndrome has Edwards’ syndrome. It is vital to provide each child with proper treatment and care in order for them to live a happy and healthy life. Children who receive this type of care generally lead happy and fulfilling lives.
Trisomy 21 occurs when there are three chromosomes rather than two in cell division. This causes most children with this condition to be born with multiple birth defects and severe mental retardation. Most children with trisomy 21 do not survive past infancy due to a wide variety of birth defects.
The most common problems for these children include:
Heart Defects: About 70 percent of children with Down Syndrome will have congenital heart disease (a heart defect present at birth). However, most of these defects are not life-threatening and can typically be treated with surgery or medication.
Gastrointestinal Issues: Some children may experience a variety of gastrointestinal issues such as persistent vomiting, poor appetite, and diarrhea due to poor muscle tone. These symptoms may lead to nutrient deficiencies.
Lung Defects: About 50 percent of all children with this condition have respiratory issues. This is due to the fact that their respiratory muscles do not develop properly.