What is Noma (Cancrum oris) ?
Nomadism is a condition where people live outside their own country. Nomads are usually nomadic tribesmen from different countries. They have no fixed home but travel around the world. Nomads do not follow any particular religion and they may belong to many different ethnic groups such as Arabs, Chinese, Indians, Koreans etc. Nomads may have a strong sense of identity and culture.
The term nomadism was coined by anthropologist Edward Abbey in his book “Dawn of Man”.
Noma disease is a very rare type of gangrene which mostly affects children and infants. It is fatal and there is no cure for it.
Noma disease is also known as noma infection, cavernous ulcer, gangrenous stomatitis, gangrenous cheilosis, gangrenous stomatitis, hyperkeratotic cheilitis, hyperkeratotic stomatitis, hypertrophic cheilitis, hypertrophic stomatitis, necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis, or ulcerative cheilitis.
There are a number of factors which increase the risk of developing noma disease.
These include genetic factors, uncontrolled diabetes, problems during birth, severe starvation and malnutrition.
Noma disease mostly affects children under the age of 5.
It can be transmitted from person to person.
The symptoms of noma disease include formation of vesicles in the mouth, formation of ulcers which rapidly eat away the skin, foul odor and bad breath, fever and general ill feeling.
The exact causes of noma disease are poorly understood. It is known that affected people have a depressed immune system and a weakened defense against the spread of bacteria.
Noma disease is a rare disease. It mostly occurs in third world countries where there is poor living conditions and lack of nutritious food.
There is no known cure for noma disease. Treatment involves the use of antibiotics and supportive care.
Research is being done to find a way to prevent noma disease and to develop effective ways to treat it.
What is Noma (Cancrum oris)?
The best way to prevent noma disease is to maintain personal and community hygiene.
Research continues into the causes and treatment of noma disease.
Many non-profit organizations are involved in raising awareness about noma disease and to find better ways to prevent and treat it.
Why is What is Noma (Cancrum oris) important?
What is Noma (Cancrum oris) are caused by various types of human pathogens.
These diseases are usually caused by a deterioration of the body’s defenses against these human pathogens.
One of the important defense mechanisms of the body against What is Noma (Cancrum oris) is the skin.
The skin includes several layers of cells which protect the deeper layers of the skin and also the organs such as the intestines and the heart.
What is Noma (Cancrum oris) can affect any part of the skin.
The upper layers of skin are constantly shed off and replaced by new cells.
If this process goes wrong, it can cause a condition called hyperkeratosis.
In simple words, if the skin does not shed off properly, a hard thick layer of skin starts to form.
This hard thick layer of skin will eventually cause the underlying flesh to swell and become tender.
If this swelling occurs around the fingers or hands, it may be extremely painful or even impossible to use them.
Fingernails or toenails may also be affected.
Some people are more prone to hyperkeratosis than others.
Other factors that may contribute to the condition are: health conditions, hormonal changes and certain medications.
The most common type of hyperkeratosis is known as ichthyosis.
There are several types of ichthyosis, some of the more common ones include:
This is a skin overgrowth caused due to the over activity of the eccrine sweat glands.
It is extremely itchy and the affected person usually develops corn like growths on various parts of the body.
These growths are usually light brown in color and may bleed if scratched too hard.
The growths can sometimes become infected and turn into small scabs.
Treatment for eccrine poroma involves prescription strength topical steroids and antibiotics if there is evidence of infection.
This condition most commonly affects the extremities such as the hands and feet.
This is a rare condition which makes a person highly sensitive to the sun.
It is so rare that only 100 cases have been reported worldwide.
It is also known as DNA degeneration, thanatoderma and tricho dysplasia.
This condition mostly affects the hands and the feet.
The skin may start to crack in areas that are exposed to the sun.
The cracks may form dark spots or turn into blisters.
These are extremely painful and may bleed.
This condition is usually diagnosed at birth.
The patient may also develop deformities in the bones, teeth and skull.
There is no treatment for xerodermas as of now.
The best way to prevent this condition is sunscreen and protective clothing.
Effective treatment of noma disease and its effects in an individual.
Noma (Cancrum oris) is a devastating infection that causes the destruction of skin and underlying tissues.
The condition is also known as noma, cranial facial cancer and cancer odontogogue.
The condition affects the upper jaw in most cases.
It usually starts in the gums and the inside of the cheek.
However, it can attack any area of the face near the upper jaw.
The disease is a rare form of cancer that mostly affects children and elderly people.
The condition can cause a lot of pain and disfigurement.
It is extremely contagious and it can be transmitted through direct contact with the sores of an infected person.
The condition is extremely dangerous and in most cases the patient does not recover.
Other names for noma disease are cancrum oris and cancer odontogogue.
The condition mostly affects the gums, the inside of the cheek and the tongue.
In some cases it may also affect the skin and other tissues near the upper jaw.
Noma sores are extremely contagious.
The disease can be transmitted through direct contact with the sores of an infected person.
The condition mostly affects children and elderly people.
It mostly starts as a red sore on the gums or inside of the cheek.
Sometimes it starts as a red pimple like growth.
The sore will slowly start to eat away the skin, underlying tissues, gums and bone.
This condition can be extremely painful.
The sores will gradually grow in size and depth.
In some cases a hole may form through the jawbone.
The disease is caused by an overgrowth of the bacteria Fusobacterium nucleatum.
The infection is mostly found in people with low immune systems.
Some common risk factors include:
People with diabetes or HIV/AIDS are more prone to noma disease.
Those who are on immunosuppressant drugs for any condition are also more prone to noma disease.
Immunosuppression, due to cancer or other conditions, also increases the risk of noma disease.
Exposure to smoke is another risk factor for the condition.
Smoking reduces the body’s ability to fight infection.
It also causes harmful changes in the tissue and bone.
These changes make it easier for the disease to get a strong grip.
Bone marrow transplant is the only known cure for noma disease.
The infection can be treated by surgically removing a portion of the infected jawbone.
In some cases, complete removal of the infected jawbone might be necessary.
After the surgery, the patient will have a permanent jaw deformity.
A bone graft may be necessary in some cases.
In some cases a bone graft will be necessary.
The treatment is designed to replace the missing bone using either natural bone, artificial bone or a combination of both.
Other treatments for noma disease include:
Systemic antibiotics are used in combination with surgery to treat noma disease.
If the condition is caught in its early stages, antibiotics can be used to treat noma disease.
Noma treatment involves the use of a mechanical jaw replacement.
The goal of noma treatment is to prevent the loss of the jawbone.
The patient can eat and speak better after this type of surgery.
However, the patient will have to undergo multiple surgeries in the future.
The defect created by this surgery can never be completely fixed.
Losing a portion of your jawbone can affect your ability to chew and speak clearly.
Noma treatment may also involve bone grafting.
In some cases, a section of the jawbone can be replaced with a synthetic material.
Noma may recur even after multiple surgeries to replace the missing bone.
Other treatments for the condition include:
Oral and topical antibiotics are used to treat noma disease.
The symptoms of the condition may first disappear.
However, the condition may recur in the future.
This type of noma treatment is only recommended in some cases.
The condition can also be treated through bone grafting.
In some cases, the bone defect may be repaired with the help of a bone graft.
However, this type of noma treatment can only be done in some cases.
It is not effective when the bone defect is large.
The bone may also be replaced with a synthetic material.
Noma treatment may also involve replacing the jawbone.
Noma disease is a rare condition that can be effectively treated with the right care.
The condition can be a life-changing experience.
People with noma disease can expect to undergo multiple surgeries for the rest of their lives.
Some of the simplest noma treatments, such as antibiotic therapy, may not be effective.
Other types of noma treatment, such as bone grafting and jaw replacement, can drastically change your life.
Noma treatment should always be discussed with a doctor before any decisions are made about the condition.
Treatment for noma disease should be started as soon as possible after the condition is diagnosed.
It’s important to remember that noma treatment should be tailored to each specific case.
Some of the noma treatments in this article may not be appropriate for every noma patient.
Noma Treatment – 3 Top Options
How is Noma Treated?
Noma is a condition that is typically treated with a combination of surgery and medication.
In some cases, noma treatment may involve repairing or replacing the missing bone.
This may involve using bone grafts or synthetic materials to fill in the gap where the jawbone is missing.
In these cases, people might experience some long-term pain and limited motion in the jaw.
Other noma treatments involve creating a new jaw from synthetic materials.
These synthetic materials may be inappropriate for some people, and may not heal properly.
Other noma treatment options include using bone from another part of the body to fill in the gap where the jawbone is missing.
This may be a more suitable option for some, as it doesn’t involve the use of synthetic materials.
However, it is less likely to heal successfully.
Noma treatment can be a long and expensive process.
Constant medical attention and repeated surgeries can be taxing both physically and mentally.
The noma treatment options available should be discussed with a doctor before any final decisions are made.
Do You Know Your Blood Type?
Blood Type A
People with blood type A have white blood cells that are angular in shape.
These blood cells are larger than those of a person with blood type O.
This means that people with blood type A are better at forming antibodies to fight off viruses and bacteria.
People with blood type A are more likely to get a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland.
This is known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, and it can cause a slow down in the metabolism.
People with blood type A are also at an increased risk of becoming allergic to peanuts.
This may be due to the fact that they develop antibodies to peanuts more quickly than people with other blood types.
People with blood type A also have an increased risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.
This is due to the fact that their platelets take longer to stop bleeding than people with other blood types.
People with blood type B have white blood cells that are more square in shape.
These blood cells have surface receptors that enable them to bind more efficiently to bacteria than people with blood type A.
However, they don’t form antibodies as quickly as people with blood type A.
As a result, people with blood type B are more prone to recurrent infections, especially in children.
People with blood type B have a greater tendency towards an enlarged liver.
This may lead to a condition known as hepatomegaly, and it can cause complications such as jaundice.
People with blood type AB have white blood cells which are irregular in shape.
These blood cells are more likely to clash with the cells of other people, which can cause a problem during blood transfusions.
They are also slow to form antibodies, so people with blood type AB are prone to recurrent infections.
People with blood type AB tend to have digestive systems that don’t tolerate extremes in pH levels.
This means that they are more likely to suffer from conditions such as ulcers and gastritis.
People with blood type O have white blood cells that are oval in shape.
These blood cells form antibodies more quickly than people with blood type A and B.
However, they don’t bind to bacteria as rapidly as people with blood type A.
As a result, people with blood type O are resistant to some viruses and bacteria, but also prone to more serious health problems.
Anemia is more common in women with blood type O than in those with other blood types.
This is due to the fact that the mechanism which causes higher levels of fetal loss is not well understood.
Which blood type do you have?
You have blood type A.
As a result, you have a greater risk of suffering from coronary heart disease and certain types of cancer.
You are more likely to suffer from autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and multiple sclerosis.
However, you resist certain viral and bacterial infections.
People with blood type A also have a greater risk of suffering from anemia and leukemia.
People with blood type B are more resistant to viral and bacterial infections.
However, people with blood type B are prone to suffering from autoimmune diseases such as Crohn’s disease, HBV and hepatitis C.
People with blood type O have a natural resistance to certain viruses and bacteria.
They also resist autoimmune diseases, but are prone to other health problems.
The greatest risk factor for people with blood type O is the increased risk of anemia.
People with blood type AB have no natural resistances or allergies. As a result, they suffer from the same risks as people with blood type A.
This includes anemia, leukemia and autoimmune diseases.
Do You Know What Your Blood Type Is?
You have blood type O.
You thought you had blood type A.
It may be a good idea to get a second opinion.
Oh, wait a minute.
You are the first opinion.
Since you don’t trust yourself, there’s no point in pursuing this further.
Still, you did encounter a situation where your blood type was actually a factor.
That doesn’t happen too often.
You can’t remember the last time that happened.
Maybe you should pay more attention to your blood type from now on.
After all, it is one of the few things that make you unique.
Are you ready to continue?
The body of a dead person is not all that bad a place to be.
You must be delirious.
Your mind is beginning to wander.
It is not a good sign.
For the first time, you are truly aware of your own mortality.
Your life could potentially end in the next few minutes.
But you’re not going to go out without a fight.
You extend your arm and fire the revolver as fast as you can at the first person you see.
You only get a brief look at this person.
All you can make out is that it’s a man.
After six shots, the revolver is empty.
You blink and try to regain your vision.
You’re having difficulty focusing.
This is caused by a combination of the dim lighting and extreme exhaustion.
Since you’re not dead yet, the man you just shot at must not have been human.
You’re too tired to care.
You just hope you have the energy to get outside before whatever is going on here catches up with you.
That is, if there is anything after death.
You are too tired to even ponder such things.
The sounds of screams and laughter echo in the distance.
You are near the exit.
There is a man next to it.
He is wearing a dark blue suit.
Are you seeing things?
It looks like the man is holding a gun in his hand.
He has short blond hair.
He looks a little like that actor who played in that movie you saw a few years ago.
It’s coming to you now.
His name is John Travolta.
You are about to join him.
He turns around and looks at you for a split second. Then, he shoots you in the chest twice.
You fall to the ground.
You want to cry out, but you can’t find the strength.
Your life is slowly slipping away.
Does this man intend to kill you?
Strangely, you don’t care.
You have nothing left to live for.
Hence, you feel no fear as he approaches you.
Is he going to finish you off?
Or is there something else in store for you?
You have no idea.
In fact, you’re not thinking about anything.
Your mind is a complete blank.
It’s like your brain has shut down completely.
You are on the verge of going unconscious.
Then, the man does something unexpected.
He kneels down next to you and shakes you by the shoulders.
Are you all right?”
He says something else, but you can’t hear it.
The buzzing in your ears has grown too loud.
All you want to do is sleep.
Just before you do, the man looks at you and smiles.
It’s an eerie sight.
You would laugh if you only had the energy.
Is this the face of death?
If it is, death is looking pretty. . .pretty.
You lose consciousness.
Your eyes roll back in your head.
Your body becomes limp.
You are dead.
A minute passes.
Five minutes pass.
You are neither alive nor dead.
You are in some sort of limbo state.
Time has no meaning here.
You hear voices coming from every which way.
Some of these voices are familiar.
Most of them belong to people you were close to when you were alive.
You see them all floating in the air.
They don’t see you.
They are arguing over what to do with you.
Most of them think you should move on to the afterlife.
A few of them think you should be reincarnated.
You disagree with both ideas.
You’re not sure what you want yet.
You need more time to think about it.
They all soon disappear.
There is no one around now.
It’s too quiet.
You miss all the noise.
You wish someone would come back.
Someone does, but it isn’t the voices you wished for.
A dark figure hovers above you.
You cannot see his face.
All you see is darkness.
He says one thing to you.
Then, you awake.
You are lying on the floor of the warehouse.
You check your hands and chest.
The gunshot wounds are gone.
How can this be?
As you ponder this, the voices return.
They are arguing again.
You don’t know what to do.
Should you ask for help?
Or should you ignore them?
You have made your decision when they all disappear once again.
Silence consumes you.
Sources & references used in this article:
- Noma (cancrum oris) (CO Enwonwu, WA Falkler Jr, RS Phillips – The Lancet, 2006 – Elsevier)
- Pathogenesis of cancrum oris (noma): confounding interactions of malnutrition with infection. (CO Enwonwu, WA Falkler Jr, EO Idigbe… – The American journal of …, 1999 – ASTMH)
- Microbiological understandings and mysteries of noma (cancrum oris) (WA Falkler Jr, CO Enwonwu, EO Idigbe – Oral diseases, 1999 – Wiley Online Library)
- Noma (cancrum oris): questions and answers (CO Enwonwu, WA Falkler Jr, EO Idigbe… – Oral …, 1999 – Wiley Online Library)
- Oro-facial gangrene (noma/cancrum oris): pathogenetic mechanisms (CO Enwonwu, WA Falkler Jr… – Critical Reviews in Oral …, 2000 – journals.sagepub.com)
- Noma (cancrum oris) in the S outh A frican context (L Feller, M Altini, R Chandran… – Journal of oral …, 2014 – Wiley Online Library)
- Noma (cancrum oris) in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome patients: report of eight cases (MM Chidzonga – Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 1996 – Elsevier)
- Isolation of Fusobacterium necrophorum from cancrum oris (noma). (WA Falkler Jr, CO Enwonwu, EO Idigbe – The American journal of tropical …, 1999 – ASTMH)