What is Quincke’s Edema?
Quincke’s edema (QE) is a condition characterized by swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits and groin. The swelling may occur spontaneously or due to other causes such as infection, tumors, pregnancy and trauma.
The term “quincke” refers to the swollen lymph nodes which are usually found in the neck area. A person with QE may have a lumpy appearance. Some people with QE do not experience any signs or symptoms at all.
When associated with other conditions, it can be a sign of a more serious health problem.
What are the types of Quincke’s Edema?
There are two major types of Quincke’s Edema:
Primary or idiopathic quincke’s edema which is not caused by any known underlying cause.
Secondary quincke’s edema which is caused by another condition such as infection, trauma, pregnancy, cancer etc.
What are the causes of Quincke’s Edema?
Most people with idiopathic quincke’s edema have no known cause for their condition. However, some people with certain health conditions may be more likely to experience it. These conditions include:
Who gets Quincke’s Edema?
While anyone can get quincke’s edema, it is more common in children and young adults.
How is Quincke’s Edema diagnosed?
Your doctor will perform a physical examination and ask about your medical history. In some cases, your doctor may refer you to a specialist such as a neurologist or rheumatologist for further evaluation.
How is Quincke’s Edema treated?
There is no cure for quincke’s edema, however, your doctor may recommend certain treatment plans to manage the condition. They may include:
Removing the underlying cause of the swelling such as a tumor or infection
Prescription analgesics for pain management
Immunosuppressants to prevent the immune system from attacking itself
High-dose steroid treatment
How can Quincke’s Edema be prevented?
There is no way to prevent quincke’s edema without knowing the underlying cause.
What are the risk factors of Quincke’s Edema?
There are no known risk factors for idiopathic quincke’s edema.
What are the side effects of Quincke’s Edema?
The most common side effect of quincke’s edema is swelling. Possible complications include difficulty breathing and swallowing.
What are the key facts about Quincke’s Edema?
Quincke’s edema is a condition that involves swelling of the throat and neck lymph nodes.
It is typically not a serious condition and can be managed with treatment.
Quincke’s Edema Symptom?
What are the symptoms of Quincke’s Edema?
Some people with quincke’s edema don’t experience any signs or symptoms.
If signs and symptoms do occur, they may include:
Difficulty breathing or swallowing
Swollen, tender lymph nodes in the neck
Enlarged blood vessels on the skin of the face, neck and upper chest
What causes Quincke’s Edema?
The exact cause of quincke’s edema is unknown. It may occur when the lymph nodes in the neck become blocked or get inflamed. This may be caused by:
Trauma to the area
Tumors in the area
Acute tracheitis or infectious mononucleosis
Essentially, quincke’s edema may be the result of another condition or illness.
Quincke’s Edema Treatment
What are the treatments for Quincke’s Edema?
Treatments for quincke’s edema may include:
Rest and analgesics to relieve swelling and pain
Topical or systemic corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
Immunoglobulins or other medicines to prevent the body from attacking itself
Surgery in some cases to remove the underlying cause such as a lymph node or a tumor
Quincke’s Edema Prevention
What can be done to prevent Quincke’s Edema?
There is no way to prevent quincke’s edema without addressing the underlying cause.
Quincke’s Edema Pictures
Quincke’s Edema Quick Facts
Quincke’s Edema is the swelling of the throat and surrounding lymph nodes due to an allergic reaction.
It may be caused by an infection such as streptococcal pharyngitis, or it may have no known cause.
Quincke’s Edema is most common in children and young adults.
The swelling can be very serious and may block the flow of air to the lungs.
Treatment for Quincke’s Edema may include rest, pain medication and steroid therapy.
Quincke’s Edema is a rare condition in which the throat and neck lymph nodes become swollen due to an allergic reaction. The swelling may cause a blockage in the airway and difficulty breathing. It most commonly affects young people, especially males.
The upper neck lymph nodes usually swell first. A rash may appear in the area surrounding the swollen lymph nodes. This swelling may spread to the lower part of the neck and eventually block the airway.
The swelling may also cause the vocal cords to stick together, making breathing difficult.
If not treated promptly, Quincke’s Edema may cause death by suffocation.
The swelling may be caused by an infection of the throat or tonsils, such as streptococcal pharyngitis. It may also have no known cause.
Diagnosis is based on a person’s signs and symptoms.
Treatment may include rest, pain medication and steroid therapy. In extreme cases, surgery is required to remove part of the swollen area to improve breathing.
Quincke’s Edema is rare in adults. It is often diagnosed in people who have had tonsillectomies as children. People who have had their tonsils removed are at greater risk of developing an infection in that area.
This is because white blood cells that fight infection are drawn to the area where the tonsils used to be, making it easier for infections to develop there.
Quincke’s Edema – Medical Tools & Equipment
Quincke’s Edema – Medical Conditions
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Sources & references used in this article:
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- Five generations of angioneurotic edema (JR CROWDER, TR CROWDER – Archives of Internal Medicine, 1917 – jamanetwork.com)
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